Global Stock of Investable Real Estate Stands at $27.5 Trillion

Tokyo, New York, Los Angeles, Paris and London are the world’s largest commercial real estate investment markets, with the global stock of investable assets standing at $27.5 trillion, according to the latest research from CBRE.

CBRE examined the relationship between city market size and capital flows into real estate for 122 cities around the world. The research found that there is a high correlation between the size of a city’s real estate stock and the volume of investment into that city.

Key findings:

  • Tokyo is the world’s largest single market with a total value of investable real estate of $711 billion, followed by New York ($657 billion) and Los Angeles ($482 billion).
  • Paris ($342 billion) and London ($334 billion) are the biggest European markets.
  • The top 10 cities accounted for approximately $4.0 trillion–15% of global investable real estate stock.
  • The largest five cities in Europe (Paris, London, Madrid, Milan and Munich) represent $1 trillion of investable real estate
  • London is the world’s most liquid market with a global liquidity ratio of 8.6%.

CBRE also investigated the ratio between the market size and the real estate investment inflow to establish the market’s liquidity. From cities with an average turnover of at least $10 billion, London, New York and Dallas mark the top three most liquid markets, with respectively 8.6%, 7.1% and 7.0% of stock traded on a yearly basis.

The research identified ‘outlier’ cities that do not follow the general trend and attracted either more real estate investment than the market size would suggest or vice versa. In Europe this trend applied to regional UK cities such as Edinburgh, Sheffield and Cardiff, as well as Oslo, Düsseldorf and Tallinn.


Chris Brett, Head of International Capital Markets, CBRE UK
Liquidity is an important consideration for global investors. As such overseas investors represented 94% of all London office transactions in Q3 2017 attracted by the transparent and liquid real estate market in the capital. It is these credentials that provide a significant competitive advantage and are key indicators of successful cities that can compete on the global stage
Chris Brett, Head of International Capital Markets, CBRE UK
Chris Ludeman, Global President, CBRE Capital Markets
The amount of stock available in each market is relevant to investors pursuing a global diversification strategy–a true market neutral portfolio needs to be weighted by city size. Most investors are not pursuing full global diversification, but many have a more tightly defined strategy such as ‘core real estate in global gateway cities’. It is important for these investors to know the relative size of the key investment markets to ensure portfolio balance
Chris Ludeman, Global President, CBRE Capital Markets